7ACRES’ proprietary whole plant drying process takes 10-14 days.
Whole Plant Hang Drying Is Better For The Plant
Why do we spend so much time drying our flower, when so many other producers tray dry in as little as three days? Simple; it takes time to properly dry cannabis. By hang drying for a minimum of 10 days we provide the entire harvest the space, air flow, temperature, humidity and time needed to dry and allow the plants moisture to balance. This cold temperature whole plant slow dry practice helps to retain the plants volatile terpenes and breaks down sugars in the plants, which improves the aroma, flavour and quality of smoke.
3 Reasons Why We Whole Plant Hang Dry
Our focus is on quality, not quantity.
Whole plant hang drying respects the plant and protects the preciously volatile terpenes.
Curing is where terpenes define themselves, and that takes even more time and consistency.
The Importance Of Terpenes
Terpenes are what gives flower its pungent aroma, robust flavour and maximizes the experience that you want from High End Cannabis. Terpene profile, among other characteristics, also characterize a particular cultivar and phenotype.
Crack a jar of 7ACRES and you will instantly smell high quality flower. That’s what we have a reputation for. That’s what enthusiasts expect from us. And you can only get that aroma and taste when you take care to protect the terpenes. We pride ourselves on that. It means we are delivering a consistent product and giving you an uncompromised experience.
You Cannot Rush Quality
If you have ever experienced cannabis that smells and tastes like hay, grass or other unpleasant aromas, there is a good chance that the producer has rushed the drying process. Drying and curing cannabis properly, so it retains its pungent aroma and robust flavour, takes time. You simply cannot rush quality.
7ACRES’ cannabis always burns clean, with a white ash, robust flavour, and smooth smoke.
White Ash Is One Indicator of High End Cannabis
The debate on the importance of white ash is ongoing. The concept originated in the cigar industry and later was adopted by cannabis enthusiasts as one of many indicators of high quality flower. White ash can be a sign that cannabis has been dried and cured correctly.
Black ash and the harsh smoke and astringent taste you may have experienced with it, are attributed to a variety of factors. This can include improper drying techniques, not flushing prior to harvest, and the temperature that the flower is burning at.
Hang Drying Creates High End Cannabis
At 7ACRES we go to great lengths to ensure that we take our time hang drying our plants, with our proprietary whole plant drying process. On average this takes 12 days and ensures our flowers retain all the qualities you look for in High End Cannabis. For us, the drying room is where we bring out the attributes of a particular strain or cultivar. The practice of quick drying a crop seems totally counter-productive to us. bushing this crucial step in the process means you will inevitably lose the most important attributes of a flower. Its smell, taste and quality of smoke it delivers. Ultimately, quality cannot be rushed or the experience it delivers will be severely impacted.
Over Drying Vs. Under Drying
We take our time drying our plants, so they all reach an optimal moisture content and provide a clean smoke. Black ash is often a result of rushing or over-drying the cannabis. This can leave behind undesirable attributes while expressing out the preciously volatile terpenes. So we will continue to take our time.
The Importance of Flushing
Flushing out the nutrients from a plant before it is harvested is an important step in ensuring quality. 7ACRES does this religiously. Two weeks before a plant is harvested, we flush it, by only providing water for the last weeks of its life. The plant absorbs the water and transpires, feeding off the nutrients it already has. The levels of those nutrients are significantly reduced before the plant is harvested and dried.
It is those high levels of nutrients that often give other cannabis a black burn and a harsh, unpleasant and chemically taste. By flushing, we can ensure our cannabis always has a clean burn, smooth smoke and white ash, one indicator of High End cannabis.
Since legalization in 2018, edibles were such an anticipated product category in the legal market. Fast forward to December 2020, the market has a plethora of offerings to treat yourself with over the holidays, however, making your own edibles can be fun, rewarding and incredibly tasty.
This holiday season, treat yourself (and possibly your friends) to some home-made edible products. You don’t have a recipe? You don’t know what decarboxylation is? No worries – we have you covered with a step-by-step guide below. Grab your chef hat, get your hands on some 7ACRES cannabis, and get ready to feast on our Eggnog “Ice Cream Cake” Infused Cheesecake.
*Skip to the end of the article for the recipe only*
How to Make Edibles at Home?
The easiest way to make your own edibles is by creating an infused medium and cooking with it or adding it to food products. Mediums can include butters, fats, the family of oils (olive, grapeseed, coconut, avocado) and even maple syrup, sugar, honey and vanilla extract. Basically, any consumable substance that will suspend the THC within it can be used as a medium. Below are instructions on how to create an infused ‘cannabutter’ that we will be using in our Eggnog Ice Cream Cake Cheesecake.
First Step: Decarboxylation
You may believe that decarbing cannabis is a complicated and challenging endeavor, but in reality, all you’re doing is mixing weed with butter. It is necessary to activate cannabinoids such as THC and CBD. Otherwise, you end up with raw cannabis that offers little in the way of effects.
Decarboxylation is the process of activating the cannabinoids found within cannabis. When the cannabis plant is heated above 220 degrees Fahrenheit, a chemical reaction converts the THCa compound into THC. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main cannabinoid in cannabis that is associated with psychoactive effects. In order to ensure that your cannabis is activated, we suggest decarboxylating.
When deciding how much cannabis to use, we always recommend going “low and slow” for beginners. The effects that your edibles produce will be dependent on the quality and potency of the cannabis you use. Without knowing the specific factors, 1 cup (about 7-10 grams) of cannabis is a good amount to start with. Below is the step-by-step guide to decarbing your cannabis and infusing it into cannabutter.
Decarboxylation – a step-by-step guide:
Grind your cannabis nugs into shake.
Preheat your oven to 220 Fahrenheit or 105 Celsius.
Place a sheet of parchment paper on a baking sheet.
Distribute cannabis shake evenly throughout the baking sheet until it is one consistent thin layer.
Place the baking sheet in the oven for about 25 minutes.
Once your cannabis is dry, take it out of the oven and let is sit until cool.
Now your cannabis shake is ready to be infused into a medium.
Infusing decarboxylated weed into cannabutter in your oven:
Preheat oven to 225 Fahrenheit
Combine decarboxylated cannabis, medium and ½ cup of water in an oven-safe dish. We recommend using a square or rectangular pan.
Place oven-safe dish into the oven for about 30 minutes, then stir to ensure that all cannabis is submerged within the butter.
Place oven-safe dish back into the oven for approximately 3-4 hours, stirring occasionally.
Once the infusion is complete, strain the newly infused medium using a cheesecloth over a mesh sieve to remove any plant material.
Pour your infused medium into a glass container for immediate use, or place in a refrigerator or freezer for long-term storage.
If you are still with us, you have learned the importance of decarboxylating your cannabis, you have mastered the skill of creating cannabutter, and now you are ready to finally use those newly found skills to create culinary magic! If you love rich, creamy, cannabis-infused cheesecake, please read on to find our recipe for our Eggnog “Ice Cream Cake” Infused Cheesecake.
Prep Time: 0HR 15MIN
Cook Time: 1HR 05MIN
Rest Time: 3HR 00MIN
Ready In: 4HR 20MIN
1 Cup graham cracker crumbs
2 Tablespoons white sugar
3 Tablespoons melted cannabutter
3 (8 Ounce) packages cream cheese, softened
1 Cup of white sugar
3 Tablespoons all-purpose flour
¾ Cup of eggnog
1 Pinch ground nutmeg
Step 1 – Preheat your oven to 325 degrees F (165 Degrees C)
Step 2 – In a medium bowl combine graham cracker crumbs, 2 tablespoons sugar and your cannabis-infused butter. Press into the bottom of a 9-inch springform pan, to help you shape your cheesecake.
Step 3 – Bake your crust in a preheated oven for 10 minutes. Place on a wire rack to cool.
Step 4 – Preheat oven to 425 degrees F (220 degrees C).
Step 5 – In a food processor (or a large bowl) combine cream cheese, 1 cup sugar, flour and eggnog; process until smooth. Blend in eggs and nutmeg. Pour mixture into cooled crust.
Step 6 – Bake in a preheated oven for 10 minutes.
Step 7 – Reduce heat to 250 and bake for 45 minutes, or until the center of cake is barely firm to the touch. Remove from the oven and immediately loosen cake from rim. Let the cake cool down completely for 3-4 hours before removing the rim to avoid cracking.
Step 8 (Optional) – Meltdown 1 bar of chocolate in the microwave, putting the chocolate into a piping bag. Snip the end of the bag and draw chocolate designs on your eggnog ice cream cake infused cheesecake, serve, and enjoy! (responsibly).
Caution: Edibles are potent and should be enjoyed responsibly. Please remember to go slow and eat bits and pieces at a time to properly gauge your dose. Happy holidays, we hope that you enjoy our Eggnog “Ice Cream Cake” Infused Cheesecake.
11 Gifts for the Cannabis Curious and Connoisseur in your Life
Gifting cannabis used to be kept a secret, but now with cannabis being federally legalized, and the stigma surrounding the plant lessening, gifting green-themed gifts to your friends, colleagues and loved ones is commonplace and sure to please.
No matter who you’re buying for — or the budget you’re working with — one of these cannabis-themed gifts is guaranteed to bring a holiday season full of good tidings and cheer.
1. Stylish Stash Jar from Re:Stash
You have seen these jars featured all over our Instagram page, the Re:Stash jar is a great gift to help keep your cannabis fresh, secure, and can easily be stowed away without damaging your buds. Featuring a customizable silicone koozie and patented child proof lid, the Re:Stash jar makes for a great stocking stuffer or Secret Santa gift with your colleagues or friends. The jar has no plastic and the lid is made with 30% farm waste.
2. Store Cannabis in a safe and secure way with aStoriCannabis Storagesystem
A modular storage system designed to keep your ????, safe, organized, and accessible, the Stori smart storage unit features a sleek design storage unit that looks good on any bed side table, mantle or living room. For the tech lover in your life, the product features a web app that is great for tracking product inventory, history, recommendation, reviews and more.
Consume concentrates in a cool, clean manner. The Mood Mat is the perfect gift for the concentrate connoisseur. The Mats are 100% customizable to suit any rig or décor. Protect your table from dripping residue or scratching your rig when you are using it.
Form and function can coexist. There’s no better example than the KrushKube 2.0 Grinder that comes in various colours. The Krush Line of grinders are square in form factor and provide consumers with an ergonomic cannabis grinder. Smooth contours that are gentle on the hands, and easy to turn no matter how dense the cannabis.
The sleekest cannabis vaporizer that won’t break the bank. The PAX ERA concentrate-based vaporizer pen is convenient, discreet, and packs a punch while you are seshing on the go. It takes no time to heat up or cool down, so you can pull it out of your pocket, take a puff, and drop it right back in, with the whole process taking just seconds. The ERA pods are sold separately and distributed by their trusted brand partners, such as 7ACRES. Check with your local retailer to see if they are running any promotions that gets you the device and pods at a special price.
Poke it. Pack it. Puff it. Pass it. The Toker Poker is one of the most necessary tools for any consumer’s cannabis accessory kit. It’s simple ergonomic design, and stainless-steel features make it one of the most useful cannabis accessories in the market. The price point makes it a perfect stocking stuffer, secret Santa, or gift to your favourite budtender.
7. The Charcuterie Board of Dope by OG Larry Design
OG Larry craft the best custom rolling boards in the industry. Hand built from solid wood, with a durable/food safe epoxy surface and wood finish. This one-of-a-kind piece of functional art comes personalized to suit your style and smoking needs. Custom 7AC design shown here in Canadian black walnut, with areas for your Krush grinder, Re:stash jar, rolling papers/cell phone, and lighter.
With the temperature dropping below zero, the chances you are going to smoke outside start drop below zero as well. The Cannabolish Candle is great for gifting to the smoker (or non smoker) looking for added ambiance. Bask in the gentle glow and enjoy an odor-free session, alone or with your circle.
Slow burning, Ultra thin, Natural palm pulp and hemp rolling paper, dyed with edible hempseed, soy oils and natural pigments, these JJ Snack Pre-Roll cones are a great gift for the novice smoker who doesn’t know how to roll, or for the friend or family member who wants to have some fun with their flower.
High Times is the definitive resource for all things cannabis. From cultivation and legalization, to entertainment and culture, to hard-hitting news exposing the War on Drugs, High Times has been the preeminent source for cannabis information since 1974. It also makes for a great coffee table book!
For Edibles are in this year. Step away from the stove, and take the guess work out of measuring out doses for brownies, cookies and more. LEVO’s second-generation oil and butter infuser makes infusing your own foods at home easy, and a great gift for the new homeowner.
Note: Always keep cannabis-infused food and beverages safely secured and out of the reach of children, especially those which resemble candy or treats. Only consume cannabis if you are of legal age in your province.
Halloween, like cannabis, is thousands of years old. The tradition that originated with the ancient Celtic festival of Samhain, where people would light bonfires and wear costumes to ward off ghosts, is typically celebrated in North America with parties, dressing up and trick-or-treating. However, given the uncertain times we are living in with COVID-19, staying in the comfort of your home and enjoying some cannabis can be a great alternative for those who want to treat themselves while celebrating the spooky vibes of Halloween
You may have already decorated, carved pumpkins and chosen your at home costume – or maybe not. Have no fear, if you’re a bit of a procrastinator, or simply haven’t had time to think much about Halloween yet, keep reading to find out 5 ways to celebrate “Halloweed” at home.
1. Dress Up as a Cannabis Legend
Halloween is sure to be a little different this year as we celebrate from home, but that should not deter you from dressing up to celebrate the holiday. If you are still searching for that perfect Halloween costume idea, and want to roll cannabis into that idea, we have listed a few ideas below to get you started.
Jack Herer– Dubbed “The Emperor of Hemp”, Jack Herer was an American cannabis rights activist and author and is renowned for his efforts to decriminalize and legalize cannabis, and to expand the use of hemp. In tribute to Jack Herer’s namesake, 7ACRES has developed a sativa-dominant cultivar, Jack Haze to pay homage to his namesake.
Willie Nelson – He has been smoking weed probably before your parents were born. Nelson, an American musician, actor and cannabis icon, makes for a great Halloween dress-up idea. Grab a braided wig, cowboy clothes, and a guitar to complete this look. Nelson is also an entrepreneur in the cannabis industry in the United States, with his brand “Willies Reserve”.
Woody Harrelson – Ever since Woody Harrelson let his pal Willie Nelson convince him to start consuming cannabis again, Harrelson has resumed his public image as America’s friendliest ‘stoner’. He is an award-winning actor and playwright – and has also become well known amongst Hollywood’s elite as someone who always has the most potent cannabis, and ‘Olympic style sessions’ when he consumes.
Cheech & Chong – This costume takes two people, so hopefully your roommate or significant other has the Halloween spirit. Cheech & Chong became symbols of cannabis culture with the 1978 film Up in Smoke, and launching a number of successful comedy albums. A beanie, a headband and some facial hair help pull this costume together.
2. Make Cannabis Treats
We all know that the best part about Halloween is the munchies, and nothing beats store bought snacks like making your own homemade cannabis edibles. If you don’t know where to begin, the first step in creating cannabis edibles is decarboxylation. Also known as ‘decarbing’ – it is the process of activating the cannabinoids found within the cannabis plant. When the cannabis plant is heated above 220 degrees Fahrenheit, a chemical reaction converts the THCa compound into THC. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the main cannabinoid in cannabis that is associated with psychoactive effects.
For more information on decarboxylation and making simple and delicious cannabis edibles, we wrote a full guide on how to make edibles that can be found here, back from when we interviewed The Wellness Solider on how to make homemade edibles.
A few of our favourite recipes at 7ACRES to snack on are cannabis infused caramels, lollipops and cookies (which you can bake into the shapes of ghosts, pumpkins, weed leaves, or whatever you like)
3. Carve a Jack O’Lantern
This is a fun and creative activity. You can dress your pumpkin up in your favourite cannabis swag, stick a fake joint in its mouth, or if you are up for the challenge, make a homemade, functionable, pumpkin bong. Keep in mind that this activity involves using a sharp knife so we would advise exercising extreme caution and perhaps doing this before consuming any intoxicants.
Do you like to smoke weed and watch horror movies? You’re not alone. There is nothing better to do while spending time isolating at home then binge watching movies or TV shows while consuming cannabis. From pulse-pounding horror movies that cannabis makes appearances in like Cabin In The Woods to informational shows such as Weediquette, there is something for everyone this Halloween.
5. Virtual Halloween Sesh
Are zoom parties a thing again? Another good way to stay connected and hang out with friends for Halloween is to host an online Zoom party with friends. Try and give friends as much heads up as you possibly can, send out your invitations, be sure to include the zoom link, time, and rules of engagement. We suggest encouraging your friends to dress up, then roll up their favourite flower (our Halloween pick is Jack Haze) and hop online. You can play games, trivia, or just catch up. Having a solo-virtual sesh is a great way to help flatten the curve of COVID-19. Read more on solo-sesh etiquette here and stay safe!
The typical traditions of Halloween will look and feel a lot different this year, but that does not mean that the spirit of the holiday must die. From the entire crew at 7ACRES, we wish you a Happy Halloweed.
For those who were opposed to cannabis legalization, we have some bad news for you: the sky did not fall when Canada became the first G7 country to legalize recreational cannabis in 2018. Fast forward to October 17th, 2020, we can honestly say that everything has been pretty much ‘business as usual’, aside from the highly unusual nature of 2020 itself. Legalizing “weed” was the first step to breaking down the stigma – but there is still more work to do. In this article, we look back to see how cannabis stigma has been broken down over the years, and what actions still need to be taken.
October 17th, 2020, is a special date for 7ACRES and for the entire cannabis industry as a whole, as it marks the beginning of the third year that cannabis has been legalized in Canada. We always use October 17th as a date to commemorate being #ProudToBeAllowed, not only as a date to celebrate the successes and triumphs of being a part of the legal cannabis industry but also as a day to reflect on what we can do better to help progress the industry forward.
We are actively writing history while working in the legal cannabis industry. As we watch this industry take shape and form, through the launch of new product formulations, competitive pricing, and increased accessibility as the number of retail stores grows rapidly, it is important to take a pause in such a fast moving industry. Thinking critically about what we can do to make the industry a better, more welcoming place – not just those who work in it, but all those who help support it as well.
For over 100 years there has been a stigma surrounding the cannabis plant and those who choose to consume it. Legalizing cannabis and creating regulation and reform was the first step to breaking down the stigma of cannabis, by normalizing the culture, creating a legal industry and bringing together an inclusive community. Since legalization, we have been doing our part by continuing the conversation around the social stigma of cannabis and educating the masses on this beautiful plant.
The stigma surrounding the cannabis plant and its usage has been around for decades in North American society, stemming back well before the 1930s. This stigma is not rooted in fact-based proclamations, however, these stereotypes have continued to survive, and the over exaggeration of drugs and users as dangerous people unable to show self-restraint ultimately leads to further stigma. These types of false proclamations have impacted many people and in many cases caused irreparable damage to people’s careers, reputations and lives.
A prime example is Reefer Madness – a widely popularized film from the 1930s. The film’s plot follows two teenagers facing melodramatic events that occur after consuming cannabis. Reefer Madness was one of the many propaganda pieces that created the stigma surrounding the cannabis plant and negatively affected consumers.
The film painted a vivid picture that people who consume cannabis are either stoners, careless, or even murderers and criminals, partaking in deviant behaviour because of their cannabis usage. This depiction created by Hollywood built up steam and became the poster child for anti-cannabis propaganda in the ’60s and ’70s in the US.
Cannabis Stigma vs. Alcohol
Even though it’s widely available and socially acceptable to drink, alcohol is still responsible for thousands of deaths and countless injuries every year. Moreover, despite the fact that it’s addictive and dangerous, people continue to normalize alcohol consumption in a way that has never been tolerated with other drugs such as cannabis.
Alcohol is everywhere, it is advertised on all major media outlets and for sale anywhere people congregate, from the supermarket to restaurants to the arenas you watch your favorite sports team in.
Because of how ubiquitous alcohol is, how acceptable it is, and how much pressure there is to drink it, it is normal to post about it on our social media pages, joke around about how it helps us ‘get through our long days’ and how we can’t wait for happy hour with friends. But, with cannabis, a plant that has never been linked to a single death, this has been taboo for as long as most can remember.
This is where the stigma has existed and still does to a certain degree. Cannabis consumers have faced negative backlash for talking about cannabis, consuming cannabis, and posting about cannabis since legalization. Yet the post with an evening glass of wine garners positive reception. With legalization now two years in, we can rejoice that we are at the dawn of a new era where you look left and right and you see cannabis retail stores, swag from companies being worn by the general public, and people consuming and enjoying the plant.
The Liberated Cannabis Consumer
The good news is, as we learn more about cannabis, its reputation improves amongst society. Changes in the perception of cannabis are happening, not just because of the fact that it is relatively safe – especially when compared with other socially used substances – but because we are building an industry and a community around the plant.
At 7ACRES, we launched our #ProudToBeAllowed campaign on the first anniversary of legalization because we truly are proud to be allowed to legally produce high end cannabis and consume it without fear of persecution. This date dawned a new era of cannabis consumer – for those who were either not comfortable going to the informal market or those who were finally comfortable sharing and talking about their usage with friends, family, and co-workers now that it had become legalized.
Consumers today are not ‘as advertised’ as they are in films like Reefer Madness and other pop culture propaganda. Cannabis consumers are everyday people. In fact, they are ALL people. They are accountants, lawyers, teachers, baristas, whoever – they are all people. The openness of legalization has proven that you can be a recreational cannabis user and still be a highly productive, functional member of society. While this may be a self-evident truth to anyone who uses cannabis, or even to anyone who knows a cannabis enthusiast, we must continue to inform and share information with the general public.
Tearing Down Cannabis Stigma
Those who condemn cannabis as unacceptable – as some addiction or vice that should be discouraged, denied and kept in the shadows – are falling victim to dated, misinformed stereotypes.
We are past the days when cannabis use was seen as disgraceful, career-ruining, and something that you do alone in your basement.
We are starting to finally break through the barrier first erected by prohibition and fortified in the aftershock of criminalization. As each day passes, more people are seeing through the veil and working to normalize weed in our day to day lives.
We are #ProudToBeAllowed. Are you?
3 Things To Fight Cannabis Stigma
1. Continuously educate yourself on the cannabis plant, regulations and usage is an important way to fight cannabis stigma. Take part in an educational class on cannabis or read fact based blogs or news stories written by accredited sources.
2. Normalize cannabis by talking with your friends and family. Talk about risks with balanced information about the effects.
3. Host a cannabis friendly social. Make sure to follow current COVID-19 rules for your city or town. These types of get togethers can normalize cannabis usage with your friends by allowing for education and understanding of the different products available in the market.
To learn more about cannabis, the industry and different products available in Canada, read the 7ACRES’ blog The Stash and our sister blog on Supreme.ca called Session Garden.
Cannabis concentrates can be divided into two main categories – solventless and solvent-based.In this article, we explore the differences (and similarities) between the two and explain the different formats available.
SolventlessConcentrates vs. Solvent-Based Concentrates
The two categories of concentrates, solventless and solvent-based, are distinguished from one another by the extraction method used to create the product.
Solvent-based products are made using an external solvent. A solvent can be defined as a chemical compound that turns a solid into a liquid-like solution. In solvent-based concentrates, a solvent is used to strip the trichomes (containing the terpenes and cannabinoids) from the cannabis plant to be used in a consumable extract. Common examples of solvents include butane, propane, C02 and alcohol.
Solventless products, on the other hand,are created through a process that removes trichomes from the cannabis plant without the use of an external solvent, typically by using agitation, heat, pressure or a combination of these methods.
What are the different types of Solvent-Based Concentrates?
Solvent-based concentrates are named after their appearance, texture and consistency and/or their extraction methods.
Shatter can be made with various solvents but the most common method is through a butane hash oil (also known as BHO) extraction process. Other lesser-known solvents such as liquefied petroleum gases (LPG) and ethanol can also be used to make shatter.
Shatter derives its name from its hard, brittle consistency, producing a product that will “shatter” if manipulated. This concentrate is typically semi-transparent and can range in colour from dark amber to bright gold. It is one of the most popular and common forms of solvent-based concentrates.When exposed to heat and light, shatter’s consistency begins to change and can be manipulated and transformed into budder and wax-like concentrates.
A concentrate that originated in Canada, budderis a from of cannabis wax and has a soft but solid consistency. Budder is typically made through a Butane Hash Oil (BHO) extraction method. They are then purged at a higher temperature while being whipped like a batter. That’s why you may also see these concentrates being referred to as batter and badder.
Unlike the previously mentioned solvent-based concentrates, live resin (or sauce/diamonds/caviar) is made from plant material that hasn’t been dried or cured. Plants are harvested and are instantly frozen, which helps preserve the most desirable compounds and retain the full flavor of the cannabis plant. Then this fresh frozen material is run through an extraction process, typically BHO, resulting in high-quality and flavourful extracts. High Terpene Full Spectrum Extracts (HTFSE) and High Cannabinoid Full Spectrum Extracts are also commonly referred to as sauce, depending on the consistency.
Distillate-makers use an extraction process that effectively separates and refines molecules and contaminants to create a clean, almost completely clear concentrate. Distillate typically contains a higher THC (or CBD) potency than other types of concentrates and is heralded for being “pure”. However, the distillate extraction method completely removes all terpenes, resulting in a concentrate that does not contain all of the full plant benefits of cannabis. Distillate can be dabbed, vaporized and can even be eaten raw (or infused into edibles) since the contained THC is already activated.
C02 oil, sometimes referred to as honey oil, is a solvent-based cannabis concentrate that is made with Carbon Dioxide (C02). The process is efficient and yields pure and clean product with a more “natural” solvent. The resulting extract is usually an amber-coloured liquid-like oil that can be dabbed, vaporized or used in pre-filled vaporizable cartridges.
What are the different types ofSolventlessConcentrates?
Solventless concentrates are named after the extraction process utilized to create the product.
Flower Rosin & Hash Rosin
Rosin is a solventless concentrate that comes in a variety of colours and consistencies. It can be made from any cannabis starting material including nugs, loose shake and even physically concentrated extracts like hash and kief. The former is referred to as “flower rosin” while the latter is called “hash rosin”.
Rosin is created by pressing your chosen cannabis material between two hot surfaces withpressure for a specific amount of time, which results in resinous sap being squeezed out of the plant material. The result is typically an extract with a sappy texture and translucent color. If rosin is made correctly, it will retain the flavour, aroma and terpenes of the original flower. This process can be compared to squeezing the juice out of a fruit or the oil out of an olive.
Kief, a word derived from the Arabic language meaning ‘pleasure’, refers to the resinous trichomes of cannabis that may accumulate in containers or are sifted from loose, dry cannabis with a mesh screen or sieve.Some cannabis enthusiasts will use a multi-compartment herb grinder to collect the trichomes that fall off of cannabis buds as they are milled. This collection of trichomes, or “kief”, can then be consumed in a variety of ways. Kief can be added to cannabis flower in bowls, joints and blunts for an extra kick of cannabinoids. Additionally, kief can be used as starting material and extracted into hash or rosin using techniques that apply heat and pressure to the substance.
Traditional-style hash is often named after the region or country of origin. The most common countries that hashish comes from are Morocco, Nepal, India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Now, hashish is being manufactured legally in Canada. This form of solventless concentrate typicallypossesses between 5-40% THC depending on the potency of the starting material and the effectiveness of the extraction process.
Traditional-style hashish can be smoked, combined with cannabis flower and/or used in the cooking and baking of infused edibles.
Dry Sift Hash
Dry sift hash is a form of solventless concentrate that derives its name from the process used to make it. The dry sift technique involves using screens with fine mesh to hand-sift the dried cannabis buds, removing the cannabinoid-filled trichome glands. The end result is an extract with a granular-like consistency.
Dry sift is a versatile substance that can be consumed in a number of ways. Similar to kief, dry sift hash can be pressed into rosin or turned into traditional-style hash. Dry sift can also be added to any joint, blunt or bowl for additional potency.
Bubble hash, also known as ice water hash, ice wax sift or wet sift, is a cannabis concentrate comprised of trichomes (resin glands) that have been separated from the plant using ice and water, agitationand a sieve.The resinous trichomes freeze and break off of the plant matter, sinking to the bottom of a metal sieve, usually within a series of mesh screens, each with a diminishing sized mesh. The finer the mesh, or “micron,” the finer the material and lesser the plant matter.Bubble hash gets its name from the way that it bubbles when exposed to flame.This form of hash is commonly consumed through dabbing, but similarly to the other types of hashish, can also be added to flower for increased potency.
Live rosin is a unique solventless extract that is made by pressing bubble hash,made from freshly harvestedand frozen cannabis, in a rosin pressat a specific temperature, pressure and period of time. The result is a much lighter coloured sap-like extractthat does not contain any unwanted plant material.Using top quality bubble hash will achieve “full melt” status, meaning it fully dissolves when heated vs. leaving residue behind.. Consumers enjoy live rosin for its robust and and incredibly pungent terpene profiles.
The Evolution of Concentrates
Solvent-based extracts have been the popular choice among concentrate enthusiasts for the past few decades. However, more recently, there has been a movement towards solventless techniques and products. Solventless products such as flower rosin have become increasingly popular as they are seen as a cleanerand more natural option, since there is no risk of consuming residual solvents.
There has been a lot of innovation in cannabis concentrates over the last ten years. Most of the concentrates we know today were created and popularized during a ten year period, between 2010 and 2020, including live resin, diamonds, sauce, distillate, isolate and more.
Now that concentrates are becoming more well knownand arelegally manufactured and available throughout Canada, that innovation will continue.
Cannabis concentrates are a new and exciting category in the legal Canadian marketplace, but the existence of concentrated and extracted forms of cannabis pre-date legalization by thousands of years. Let’s take a look at the worldwide history of concentrates.
Concentrates + Middle Ages
Cannabis concentrates, namely hashish, appear in historical records dating back to 900 AD. These records show that scholars were debating the pros and cons of consuming hash at the time. This is about 800 years after the first reported use of dried cannabis in Ancient China.
Use of hashish was widespread throughout Arabia during the 10th century and appears in various literature, plays and manuscripts. At that time, the substance was eaten, not smoked.
Between 1000 and 1200 AD it reportedly gained popularity with assassins in Persia and by 1300 AD Marco Polo went back to Europe, bringing the legend of hashish with him. It took another 500 years for hash to actually make its way to Europe, most likely by Napolean Bonaparte’s troops during the French campaign in Egypt.
Concentrates + Modern History
During the early 19th century, European doctors began promoting medicinal uses for hashish. It was seen as an effective treatment for various diseases and was utilized as an analgesic and anticonvulsant. Hashish was also incorporated into psychiatric practices at the time. These hashish products and concentrates could be purchased in pharmacies and were prescribed by doctors. Pharmaceutical companies began manufacturing various extracts and tinctures using hashish. However, this period of medicinal cannabis use was short lived.
By the start of the 19th century, most pharmaceutical firms opted to replace cannabinoids for opioids and other more stable substances due to the varied potency and quality of cannabis. Between the mid 1800s and early 1900s, most developed countries had banned cannabis, and in turn, concentrates. Canada prohibited the use and possession of cannabis, including hashish, with the Act to Prohibit the Improper Use of Opium and other Drugs in 1923.
Pre-Legalization in North America
For almost 100 years cannabis remained illegal on a global scale; but that didn’t stop the evolution of concentrates. The first reported solvent-based cannabis extraction for vaporization surfaced in the 1940s. These products were made using adaptations of the botanical extraction technologies that pharmaceutical companies created in the 1800s for medicinal purposes.
Declassified World War II files show that the U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS) used a THC “serum” for its controversial biochemical interrogation practices. Agents used hash oil-laced tobacco cigarettes to interrogate unsuspecting individuals. Later, in the 50s and 60s, the same techniques were used in the well-known CIA program ‘MK Ultra’.
Concentrates regained popularity in the 1970s with the rise of cannabis culture. By 1977, what we consider “modern hash oil extraction” was introduced in a book by author Michael Starks titled “Marijuana Chemistry: Genetics Processing and Potency”. This book describes the process to make hashish and hash oil using various solvents (including ethanol, isopropanol and chloroform) and outlines the materials and devices to use. By the 90s, the process of distillation using butane in a closed loop system was introduced and many of the concentrate products we know today came into existence.
The Evolution of Concentrate Formats
Hash and hash oil are the first cannabis concentrates used by people for thousands of years. Hash can be consumed through a method known as “hot knifing” – which is a process that involves heating up a knife, placing a cannabis concentrate on it and inhaling the resulted vapours. Nowadays, most hash is consumed by smoking it in a pipe or bong or by combining it with dried flower in a joint or blunt.
By the late 1990’s, online forums helped proliferate the popularity of BHO (butane hash oil) and dabbable concentrates. BHO products include shatter, wax, budder and crumble. Early BHO processes were quite dangerous but this eventually led to the invention of the first closed-loop system for extracting cannabis. Closed loop systems provide two main benefits: they reduce waste and they significantly reduce the risk of explosion.
In 2010, BHO products made their debut at the High Times Cannabis Cup, exposing them to a wider audience of cannabis enthusiasts. Solvent-based concentrates have continued to evolve into formats including live resin, diamonds, terp sauce, honeycombs, High Terpene Full Spectrum Extracts (HTFSE) and High Cannabinoid Full Spectrum Extracts (HTFSE).
More recently, the division of the category between solvent and solventless concentrates have created a movement towards cleaner processes and techniques. Solventless extracts do not use a solvent to extract cannabinoids and instead rely on heat, pressure, agitation or a combination of these methods. Solventless products have become increasingly popular as there is no risk of consuming residual solvents that can be harmful and many see it as a cleaner option. Examples of solventless extracts are hash, flower Rosin, bubble Hash, live rosin and kief.
7ACRES currently focuses on solventless extraction methods for the cleanest, purest and most natural way to produce concentrates.
Vape pens are another relatively new way to enjoy cannabis concentrate products. 7ACRES partnered with Canada’s leading vaporizer brand, PAX Labs, to offer high end cannabis in PAX Era pods. Available across Canada now.
Concentrates + Canada
Canadians have been consuming cannabis concentrates for decades. In fact, both the form of concentrate “budder” and the method of dabbing are believed to have been born in Canada.
In the late 1990s, the cannabis products of choice among Canadians were dried flower, hashish and the rare batch of honey oil. A British Columbia-based man named “BudderKing” and his friends were always looking for the most potent and effective ways to consume cannabis and concentrates.
When experimenting with honey oil one day, he created a shatter-like concentrate that he referred to as “glass”. About a year later, one of BudderKing’s friends left a piece of this “glass” on a windowsill in the sun. They noticed that the substance quickly became more malleable and transformed into a butter-like consistency when stirred with a metal tool. This new concentrate, dubbed “Budder”, was pliable and much easier to consume than shatter, which tended to break and make a mess when manipulated. BudderKing and his friends found that this new extract also tasted better than the “glass” they had been smoking.
BudderKing decided that he needed a better and more efficient way to consume this novel extract. Legend has it that in the 2000s, he was the first individual to develop and use a traditional dab rig, a small unit designed to vaporize concentrates.
By the late 2000s, interest in dabbable concentrates surged and early versions of wax, sap and budder appeared throughout North America. Between 2010 and 2020, many new forms of concentrates were developed including rosin, resin, diamonds, distillate, isolate and more. Most recently the division of the category between solvent and solventless concentrates have created a movement towards cleaner processes and techniques.
Cannabis 2.0 Legalization in Canada
In October of 2018, cannabis was legalized for adult recreational use in Canada. However, this initial form of regulation only permitted the sale of dried flower, tinctures and capsules.
In June of 2019, the Canadian government announced additional amendments to the Cannabis Regulations to allow for the legal production and sale of cannabis edibles, extracts and topicals. The new amended regulations came into force on October 17, 2019, the one-year anniversary of recreational legalization in the country.
7ACRES is excited to bring dabbable concentrates to the legal market. We recognize the hard work of concentrate enthusiasts, extract artists and activists that have paved the way for us to exist as a company and we are excited to continue evolving the category into the future.
New to the concept of cannabis concentrates? Want to discover some other ways to enjoy your favourite extract products? We’ve got you covered. In this article we examine all the different ways to consume cannabis-derived concentrates.
What are Concentrates?
Let’s start with the basics. Concentrates, also known as “dabbable” extracts, are consumable concentrations of the most desirable compounds found within the cannabis plant, including cannabinoids and terpenes. This category of products, along with vape pens, edibles and topicals, were made legal in Canada on October 17th, 2019.
7ACRES concentrates are crafted in house by our passionate team and showcase each cultivars pungent aroma and flavour. High quality concentrates require high quality inputs. This makes 7ACRES high end flower the ideal input for producing concentrates that are terpene-rich, highly pungent and incredibly flavourful.
What are the Different Methods of Concentrates Consumption?
Cannabis concentrates can be consumed in a variety of ways. They can either be combusted, vaporized/dabbed or infused into edibles or topicals.
The best method for you depends on what materials you have available to you, what type of concentrate you want to consume and what experience you desire.
Let’s explore the different cannabis concentrate consumption methods:
The preferred method of consumption among concentrate enthusiasts is a process called dabbing. To consume using this method, you will need to purchase a glass dab rig, a dabber tool, a banger and a blow torch. That’s right, a blow torch. Think Elon Musk, but smaller.
Glass dab rig: Also known as an oil rig, these devices are very similar to a glass water pipe/bong, but are used exclusively in the consumption of dabbable concentrates. Glass dab rigs vary widely in size, shape, functionality and price.
Banger/Nail: The banger is a dish that is heated up and used to vaporize concentrates. The equivalent of the “bowl” on a bong or pipe. Bangers are typically made from glass, quartz, ceramic or titanium. We recommend quartz bangers.
Blow torch: A small, hand-held butane-fuelled torch lighter is required to heat up the banger for dabbing. There are brands and products made specifically for this purpose, but torches used for baking (Crème Brulee for example) will also work. We recommend the Blazer GT8000 Big Shot Butane Torch, which is available for under $100 CAD.
Dabber tool: Any pointed metal tool that can scoop a concentrate product and drop it on to a heated nail or banger. Head shops and cannabis stores sell a variety of tools made specifically for this purpose, but any pointed metal household item will work too.
To take a traditional dab, you must first gather your concentrate on a metal dabber tool, heat up the banger with a blow torch for about 30 seconds to 1 minute (until the banger glows orange), let the banger cool for around 20 seconds to 1 minute (depending on the type of banger and your preference), then place the concentrate into the warm banger using the dabbing tool and inhale through the mouthpiece of the rig. You just did a dab!
A desktop e-nail is an electronic concentrate vaporizer/rig. These devices utilize some type of electric heating element and power source to create optimal temperatures for dabbing. Most desktop e-nails are electronically powered bangers that are simply attached to regular glass dab rigs. Instead of heating and re-heating the banger each time you go to take a dab, these e-nails can be set to a specific temperature for as long as one desires.
Recently, there has been an influx in popularity of new age dabbing systems, also called portable e-nails, that allow consumers to take the convenience of a e-nail anywhere they go. These systems include the Puffco Peak, the Dr. Dabber Switch, the Dabado Bolt and the Kandypens Oura.
Another form of dabbing utilizes mini oil rigs known as nectar collectors, dab straws or honey collectors. These are simple devices that feature a quartz or titanium tip and a glass or silicone body and mouthpiece. After heating the tip using a blow torch, the device is slowly dragged across a concentrate, as the consumer inhales the vapor.
In addition to dabbing, concentrates can be vaporized through a pen or device designed for concentrates.
If you are looking for a convenient and portable handheld vaporizer that will allow you to consume concentrates, we recommend the PAX 3 device. The PAX 3 allows you to consume dried flower, but also has an additional chamber for concentrate products. This device allows you to set the temperature as you desire.
Even many desktop vaporizers, such as the Storz & Bickel volcano vape, offer attachments or “drip pads” that allow you to consume concentrates.
It is important to take into account the temperature when vaporizing cannabis concentrates. The optimal temperature for vaporizing most concentrates is somewhere between 160°C and 280°C, depending on your desired experience.
Smoking and Combustion
No dab rig or vaporizer? No problem. Concentrates can be smoked through a variety of combustion methods. Extracts such as rosin can be smoked in a glass bowl, joint or blunt.
A “bowl” is the location on a bong or pipe where the cannabis flower (or concentrate) is placed and lit. Cannabis concentrates can be sprinkled on top of grinded flower, or consumed alone, through a bong or pipe. Simply combust the concentrate using a lighter while inhaling through the mouthpiece, like how you would usually consume dried flower.
Cannabis concentrates can also be added to joints or blunts. The most effective way to do this is by sprinkling or spreading the extract throughout the inside of the paper or blunt leaf, adding your cannabis flower and then rolling it up. However, some enthusiasts get creative and wrap the concentrate around the outside of the joint or blunt, which results in a visually appealing (but potentially messy) consumption experience.
“Twaxing” is a term used to describe the process of adding any concentrate to any dried flower product. If you choose to consume your concentrates in conjunction with buds through any of the methods – you’re twaxing!
Although these types of products can technically be smoked, it is not the most effective way to experience all the potential effects and benefits. If you truly want to taste the terps, we recommend dabbing or vaporizing 7ACRES concentrates.
Edible and Topical Infusions
If you don’t want to dab, smoke or vaporize concentrates, you can infuse them into your own edible and topical products. Most forms of concentrates can be directly added to food while cooking. THC is fat-soluble, so concentrates can be easily infused into butters, oils or other cooking fats (such as ghee) for use later.
When creating edibles or topical products with concentrates, it is important that you decarboxylate your starting material. Cannabis flower and concentrates contain THCA, which needs to be converted into Delta 9 THC to produce the desired effects that consumers are looking for. Decarbing activates the THC and cannabinoids in a way that our bodies can metabolize and absorb.
There are three main ways to decarboxylate cannabis concentrates and flower, the “Stove Top Method”, the “Crock Pot Method” and the “Oven Method”. To understand each method and learn more about decarboxylation and making edibles, click here.
7ACRES concentrates are best enjoyed through dabbing or vaporizing – not infusions. This is because the infusion process generally degrades terpenes and typically only results in THC-based products. To enjoy the full flavours and experience of High End Concentrates, we suggest dabbing or vaporizing these products.
How to Purchase Concentrates in Canada?
7ACRES concentrate products can be purchased through provincially-run and privately licensed cannabis retailers throughout Canada. Click here, to learn more about available products.
Vaporizing dried flower is a fantastic way to respect the plant and enjoy the many tastes of cannabis. Different cannabinoids and terpenes will activate at varying temperatures, allowing consumers to choose the taste profile and experience they prefer.
We want to help you get the most flavour out of flower. So, we asked Shane, also known as “Vape The Bud” for his vaping temperature recommendations for each of our high end cultivars to help you fully taste all of the terpenes.
Shane, AKA Vape The Bud, is a medical cannabis patient, enthusiast and reviewer. He has been writing detailed reviews about Canadian cannabis products since September of 2014. Shane primarily uses cannabis to help manage his chronic pain.
“I enjoy trying new types of cannabis and examining how each one affects me, understanding what quality means and conveying that information to others for educational purposes.”
Shane is one of Canada’s most trusted legal cannabis reviewers and his primary method of consumption is dry herb vaporizing, making him the perfect expert to provide these recommendations.
Before diving into the best heat setting for each of our cultivars, it is important to note that a higher temperature is not necessarily better than a lower one when it comes to dry herb vaporizing.
“Higher temperature doesn’t always mean better, nor does it mean it’ll get you higher. At least from my observations over the years with myself and others who vaped with me.”
Optimal Cannabis Vaporizer Temperatures
Overall, Shane recommends a basic range of around 170° Celsius to 195° Celsius for most cannabis flower.
Jack Haze is 7ACRES first proprietary cultivar and is a true sativa. A savoury cultivar with bright, terpinolene-dominant aromas, balanced with a signature spice reminiscent of the Jack Herer strain. The cultivar has a truly unique aroma of pine and sweet citrus with crisp, lively spice notes.
Shane’s recommendation: “To enjoy the pleasant tastes of Jack Haze, I recommend vaping at 175° Celsius, which allows you to pick up on the citrus, lime and pine notes. If you enjoy increased vapour then 190° Celsius might be a better fit, while still allowing you to taste the more prominent flavour notes.”
Jean Guy is 7ACRES’ tribute to the legendary French-Canadian cultivar made famous by the Montreal Compassion Club. Jean Guy is a balanced hybrid with a robust and upbeat citrusy and woody aroma that has earned a reputation as a top-shelf cultivar among Canadian cannabis enthusiasts.
Shane’s recommendation: “My all-time favourite cultivar, I’ve vaped this one many times. Jean Guy grinds up nice and fluffy, perfect consistency for a dry herb vaporizer. The citrus and earthy Jean Guy is best vaporized at 175° Celsius to maintain the full unique flavour.”
Sensi Star is a legendary, award-winning indica cultivar. With chunky, high THC buds and a rich, funky gassy lemon and pepper aroma. Sensi Star has earned recognition as one of the world’s great cannabis cultivars.
Shane’s recommendation: “One of my favourite strains ever, Sensi Star, is enjoyed best within the range of 180° to 185° Celsius. This temperature range will allow you to experience the floral, gassy lemon aromas that the cultivar is known for. Sensi Star packs a punch.”
White Widow is a multiple award-winning cultivar that was named after the visually prominent white coating of trichomes that it produces. This cultivar is a highly resinous balanced hybrid with a pungent sweet, musky, woody aroma.
Shane’s recommendation: “Bring out the best of citrus and honey with White Widow around the temperatures of 185° Celsius when vaporizing for the fullest flavour 7ACRES has to offer. I find that the flavours of this White Widow are still very noticeable at higher temperatures. When compared to other cultivars, this one can stand a bit more heat.”
Which Dry Herb Vaporizer Should I Use?
At 7ACRES, we recommend the PAX 3 dry herb vaporizer to help you fully taste the terps of our high end cultivars. It is an extremely portable device that allows you to consume discreetly and comfortably. The PAX 3 is smart and well-designed but is still very easy-to-use for the average consumer. This device allows for precise temperature controls through the hardware and the PAX Android app. Learn more about the PAX 3 here.
Learn about 7ACRES PAX concentrate pods here. Share Your Experience!
Share your experience with 7ACRES by tagging @7ACRESmj on Instagram and Twitter for a chance to be featured on our page!
Don’t forget to show Shane (AKA Vape The Bud) some love as well. Need to re-up? You can find 7ACRES cultivars in your area here.
Unfortunately, we cannot let you go any further. Our sisters and brothers have fought long and hard for recreational cannabis legalization in Canada. As a Licensed Producer (LP) we have a responsibility to ensure that you are of legal consumption age in your province.